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Egyptian Fytir Mashaltit Bread

Traditional layered bread from Upper Egypt

Egyptian Fytir Mashaltit Bread

(Aslo spelt as Fatir, Fetir, Fitir or Feteer and Mishaltit, Meshaltit, Mashaltet.)


2 Cups Flour
1/2 Cup Water
1/2 Tsp Salt
1/2 Cup Butter


  1. Sift the flour then make a well in the middle then add in the water and salt.
  2. Mix the dough well to make a smooth consistency then knead and stretch it several times for about 10 minutes then set aside for 30 minutes to rest.
  3. Using a rolling pin spread out the dough to paper thin into the shape of a large circle, pushing out at the edges all around, gently so as not to tear the dough.
  4. Generously brush the whole dough with the melted butter then fold over from all sides and repeat about 6 times (coating each time with the butter).
  5. Shape the dough into a circle, about 30cm in diameter.
  6. Place the fytir on a butter greased baking try then bake at 180c for 20-30 minutes until golden brown.
  7. It can be served as either sweet topped with cream, honey and crushed nuts or savoury topped with fetta or mish cheese.

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